By Jiahua Pan, Houkai Wei
This booklet makes a speciality of China’s city improvement. In China, the method of permitting extra rural migrants to develop into registered urban citizens in city parts continues to be stagnant regardless of its significance to the chinese language govt and the lifestyles of a countrywide consensus approximately it. towns can compulsorily buy land from farmers at low or perhaps no charges, and such a lot farmers, whose households have depended on the land to make a dwelling for generations, don't benefit from raises in land price. Breaking down the tested distributive approach of rights and privileges calls for laws and legislation enforcement. To this finish, we have to holiday during the present development of pursuits and appreciate the "citizenization-relevant" rights of rural migrant workers.
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Additional resources for Annual Report on Urban Development of China 2013
First, the current compensation for land expropriation is too low to cover the costs of citizenization. Moreover, a high selling price of the expropriated land result in an increase in the housing price, which in turn adds to the housing cost of rural migrant workers. Second, restrictions over the transfer of collectively- owned rural land make it impossible for rural migrant workers to receive any added value from land and relevant real estates, that is, to provide financial support for their settling down in towns or cities.
Today, the Chinese government may first consider converting towns each with a total population of at least 100,000 people in town- administered areas into cities so as to let them become important receivers of rural migrant workers. Creating a Cost Sharing Mechanism The integration of rural migrant workers into cities is a difficult and long process that requires huge costs of citizenization. To absorb these costs, the Chinese government must play a leading role by increasing fiscal spending at all levels while encouraging companies, farmers and the rest of society to share the costs, thereby gradually creating a cost sharing mechanism comprising governments and the aforementioned parties.
We expect that China will pass the turning point of 70 % around 2033 and enter the late period characterized by steady urbanization from the intermediate period characterized by fast urbanization. The Urbanization rate in China will reach about 75 % by the end of 2040, with an urban population of about 1,030 million people. China will then become an advanced city-dominated society. 9 Note: the numbers for 2012 are real-world ones. The combined forecasts are the means of forecasts obtained with three methods—curve fitting, economic modeling and the growth rate of the urban/ rural population ratio Under the S curve theory of urbanization, the process of urbanization is usually divided into early period (<30 %), intermediate period (30–70 %) and late period (>70 %).