An Army for Empire: The United States Army in the by Graham A. Cosmas

By Graham A. Cosmas

In America’s renowned reminiscence of the Spanish-American battle, the all-volunteer tough Riders gained the struggle despite ossified civilian and usual military management. during this authoritative account, even if, army historian Graham A. Cosmas reconstructs the making plans and execution of Spanish-American struggle process from the point of view of these with the last word accountability: the president, the secretary of warfare, the commanding common of the military, and the manager and commanders of the army’s a number of bureaus and corps.

Cosmas argues that the normal view of the warfare is from the “bottom up” simply because, whereas headlines have been being made approximately insufficient provides, illness, and outmoded guns at floor point, the civilian and army figures on the optimum ranks remained nearly silent approximately how and why they made their judgements. This quantity, in keeping with extensive examine in documentary fabrics, together with the non-public papers of President William McKinley and Secretary of warfare Russell A. Alger, in addition to the voluminous documents of Adjutant basic Henry Clark Corbin and the quartermaster general’s places of work, indicates the day by day development of the battle because the highest-ranking officers observed it, digested it, and established next judgements on it.

Faced with budgetary strain from Congress, political strain from the states’ nationwide defend devices, and the president’s transferring stand on pursuits for the warfare, the military was once certainly in poor health ready for its surprising mobilization. Cosmas concludes that the army’s management used to be compelled right into a tough new place in 1898, one during which its personal new rules of administration and association coupled with the vast new scope of nationwide political/military goals didn't handle the particular conditions of the conflict. After the preliminary wartime error, notwithstanding, the military solved adequate of its difficulties to make the campaigns in Puerto Rico and the Philippines run extra easily, although with much less information worth. As Cosmas exhibits, the Spanish-American conflict used to be a foretaste of the recent century, prompting the formation of a latest employees and command approach that might profoundly adjust international history.

This paperback variation of An military for Empire accommodates the author’s 1994 preface; extra illustrations; and multiplied dialogue of African American squaddies, the land engagements at San Juan Hill and El Caney, and the interval among the August 1898 armistice and Secretary Alger’s departure a yr later.

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The Act of Congress Approved March 3, 1885. House Doc. No. , 1886 (hereafter cited as Endicott Report), Pt. 1, pp. 5-6, 8-12, 25-30. For a running account of the building of the new defenses, see RSW, 1885-1898. See also Capt. Rogers Birnie, "Gun Making in the United States," JMSI, XII, 416-17, and Charles F. Benjamin, "The Artillery and the Ordnance," JMSI, VIII, 366-67. Page 4 and durability equaled or surpassed the best European military rifles of its time. Along with smokeless ammunition for the ''Krag," as the troops at once nicknamed it, the Ordnance Department perfected a smokeless cartridge for each of its artillery pieces, but production facilities for this propellant, which differed radically in its chemistry and manufacture from the older charcoal or "black" powders, remained dangerously limited.

Wisser, JMSI, XVIII, 236. Lt. M. Weaver, "The Military Schools of the United States," The United Service, New Series, III, 457-66. Capt. Tasker H. Bliss to Secretary of War Daniel S. Lamont, January 9, 1897, Vol. I, Tasker H. Bliss Papers. Page 5 of high command. Lieutenants detailed to the school from their regiments studied military history, army administration, strategy, and tactics, along with more specialized branch skills. Using troops from the large Leavenworth garrison, they conducted mock company and battalion actions, and they worked out brigade, division, and corps maneuvers with models on sand tables.

Originally published: The Curators of the University of Missouri, University of Missouri Press, 1971. Includes bibliographical references and index. ISBN 0-89096-816-0 1. United States. ArmyHistorySpanish-American War, 1898. I. C. C. The State Historical Society of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin The Michigan Historical Collections, Ann Arbor, Michigan The William L. Clements Library, Ann Arbor, Michigan Thanks are also due to my graduate advisers, Professor Edward M. Coffman and Professor Richard N.

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