Adult Cognition: An Experimental Psychology of Human Aging by Timothy A. Salthouse

By Timothy A. Salthouse

For a while now, the learn of cognitive improvement has been a ways and away the main energetic self-discipline inside developmental psychology. even supposing there will be a lot confrontation as to the precise percentage of papers released in developmental journals which may be thought of cognitive, 50% feels like a conservative estimate. consequently, a chain of scholarly books to be dedicated to paintings in cognitive improvement is mainly acceptable at present. The Springer sequence in Cognitive improvement comprises simple different types of books, specifically, edited collections of unique chapters by way of a number of authors, and unique volumes written via one writer or a small crew of authors. The flagship for the Springer sequence is a serial e-book of the "advances" variety, wearing the subtitle growth in Cognitive improvement examine. Volumes within the growth series are strongly thematic, in that every is proscribed to a couple well-defined area of cognitive-developmental learn (e. g. , logical and mathematical improvement, semantic development). All growth volumes are edited collections. Editors of such books, upon session with the sequence Editor, may possibly go with to have their works released both as contributions to the development series or as separate volumes. All books written via one writer or a small staff of authors can be released as separate volumes in the sequence. a reasonably large definition of cognitive improvement is getting used within the collection of books for this series.

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Extra info for Adult Cognition: An Experimental Psychology of Human Aging

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Concluding with an Optimistic Perspective Some readers might feel that the discussion in this chapter has been unduly pessimistic about the problems of conducting aging research. This opinion is obviously not shared by the author as it is claimed that methodological issues, no matter how subtle they might appear, are fundamental in the evaluation of all knowledge. Moreover, only a small proportion of the methodological issues relevant to developmental research have even been discussed here. For example, no mention has been made of the difficulty of obtaining objective information about the most basic variable in developmental research-an individual's age.

That health problems typically increase with increased age is indisputable. 3. The increase in activity limitation parallels the rise in behavioral impairments reported in a variety of experimental tasks, and thus is consistent with the possibility that poor health and not "normal aging" might be responsible for many of the differences observed in aging studies. Many investigators attempt to control for the influence of health factors by screening research participants for specific illnesses or cardiovascular problems.

In fact, in combining features of the cross-sectional and longitudinal designs it might appear that the sequential cross-sectional design has retained nearly all of the disadvantages inherent in the original designs. , that age group at that particular time. In commmon with the longitudinal design are the disadvantages of the long time period required before complete observations are available, the expense associated with longterm projects, and the problem of procedures becoming outmoded or obsolete.

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