Adaption of Microbial Life to Environmental Extremes: Novel by Helga Stan-Lotter, Sergiu Fendrihan

By Helga Stan-Lotter, Sergiu Fendrihan

This completely up to date moment variation presents an summary at the biology, ecology and biodiversity of extremophiles. strange and no more explored ecosystems inhabited by means of extremophiles corresponding to marine hypersaline deeps, severe chilly, wilderness sands, and man-made fresh rooms for spacecraft meeting are awarded. an extra concentration is wear the function of those hugely really good microorganism in utilized learn fields, starting from biotechnology and nanotechnology to astrobiology. Examples reminiscent of novel psychrophilic enzymes, compounds from halophiles, and detection recommendations for capability extraterrestrial existence kinds are mentioned in detail.
The booklet addresses researchers and complicated scholars within the fields of microbiology, microbial ecology and biotechnology.

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ISME J 5:507–518 Rappé MS, Giovannoni SJ (2003) The uncultured microbial majority. Annu Rev Microbiol 57:369–394 Schardt C (2015) Hydrothermal fluid migration and brine pool formation in the Red Sea: the Atlantis II Deep. Miner Depos 51:89–111 Shokes RF, Trabant PK, Presley BJ, Reid DF (1977) Anoxic, hypersaline basin in the Northern Gulf of Mexico. Science 196:1443–1446 Siam R, Mustafa GA, Sharaf H et al (2012) Unique prokaryotic consortia in geochemically distinct sediments from red sea Atlantis II and discovery deep brine pools.

2012; Wang et al. 2014). 14 ppm; Batang et al. 2012). 30 F. Mapelli et al. This could suggest the active presence in the seeping water flowing in the brine body of manganese-reducing microorganisms able to thrive in the anoxic condition of the brine using Mn2+ as electron acceptor. Other interesting features of the seeping water were the total absence of iron and high concentrations of sulfate (Lee et al. 2014). Similarly to manganese, the high level of sulfate detected could correlate with the high concentration of hydrogen sulfide measured in the brine water (> 200 μM; Wang et al.

The origin of Mediterranean DHABs was determined by the dissolution, followed to tectonic events, of salt evaporites. The originated brines filled in local depressions and anoxia developed in these basins (Wallmann et al. 1997). Moreover, compositional changes of brines occurred during time, due to both biochemical and biological processes. Tyro and Bannock were the first DHABs discovered in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea (Cita et al. 1985; Jongsma et al. 1983), followed by Urania, Discovery, and L’Atalante (Medriff Consortium 1995) and, more recently, by Medee, Thethis, and Kryos (La Cono et al.

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