By Anthony H. Cordesman
The Maghreb--Morocco, Algeria, Libya, and Tunisia--is a area overburdened by way of pointless army costs. regardless of continual civil conflicts and militarized regimes in a couple of international locations within the quarter, there are literally few real exterior threats, and the militia are actually principally used to keep up inner security.
A targeted country-by-country evaluation of the effectiveness of army forces, and their impression on neighborhood economics, exhibits that the zone is still a mosaic of conflicting nationwide pursuits, yet strategic goals were supplanted by way of inner conflicts, tensions, and politics. Declining army budgets are resulting in declining army power and potential, yet they belie the Maghreb's power for armed clash and human agony. even supposing the Maghreb is a provider of oil and ordinary gasoline, which typically guarantees the eye of the West, this tragedy of fingers will get little consciousness from the skin international. which means the customers for the area are persevered wasteful army spending, and the consequent damage to nationwide financial and political health.
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Additional info for A Tragedy of Arms: Military and Security Developments in the Maghreb
It is the only power neighboring the region with airborne battle management assets and anything approaching modern electronic air warfare capabilities. The large air orders of battle of Algeria and Libya conceal what is becoming a technological museum. 5 shows the strength of land-based air defense forces. Libya has a large quantity of major and light SAM launchers and 600 AA guns. Algeria has SA-6 and SA-3 major SAMs and 895 AA guns. Morocco and Tunisia have signiﬁcantly smaller amounts of SAMs and AA guns.
1 130mm regt. ) Source: Adapted by Anthony H. Cordesman from the IISS, Military Balance, and Jane’s Sentinel, various editions. 29 North African Naval Ships in Active Inventory by Category in 2001 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 Libya Tunisia Egypt Submarines Morocco 0 Algeria 2 2 0 4 Destroyers 0 0 0 0 1 Frigates 1 3 2 0 10 Corvettes 0 5 3 0 0 Missile Patrol 4 9 13 6 25 23 3 0 13 15 Mine 0 0 8 0 13 Amph 4 3 4 0 3 S u pp or t 4 3 9 2 9 Other Patrol Source: Adapted by Anthony H. Cordesman from the IISS, Military Balance, 2000-2001 and Jane’s Fighting Ships, various editions.
Even during the Cold War, ideology did not stop the Soviet Union from trying to make a proﬁt through its arms sales. It sold Libya about $15 billion worth of arms between the ﬁrst Soviet sales in 1970 and 1990, and roughly $10 billion worth of this equipment was delivered as of early 1985. The Soviet Union also earned money training about 1,800 Libyan ofﬁcers and technicians per year in the USSR (870 annually) and Eastern Europe (930 annually). It is unclear how many Russian, other FSU, and East European personnel remain in Libya, but it is clear that Libya had serious problems when they were present in large numbers and faces even more serious problems in maintaining and operating its weapons without them.