A Scientific Way of War: Antebellum Military Science, West by Ian Clarence Hope

By Ian Clarence Hope

While religion within the Enlightenment was once waning somewhere else by way of 1850, on the usa army Academy at West aspect and within the minds of academy graduates serving during the nation Enlightenment considering persevered, saying that battle used to be governable by means of a grand idea available in the course of the examine of army technology. officials of the ordinary military and teachers on the army academy and their political superiors all believed strongly within the danger of buying an ideal wisdom of warfare throughout the right curriculum.
A medical manner of War analyzes how the doctrine of army technological know-how developed from instructing particular Napoleonic purposes to embracing matters that were useful for battle in North the US. Drawing from a wide range of fabrics, Ian C. desire refutes previous fees of a scarcity of professionalization within the antebellum American military and an overreliance at the teachings of Swiss army theorist Antoine de Jomini. as an alternative, wish indicates that inculcation in West Point’s American army curriculum ultimately got here to supply the military with an officer corps that shared a typical doctrine and customary ability in army challenge fixing. The proliferation of army technology ensured that at the eve of the Civil conflict there existed a especially American, and clinical, manner of war.

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Extra resources for A Scientific Way of War: Antebellum Military Science, West Point, and the Origins of American Military Thought

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66 He told his readers that real change was occurring in war in Europe where 40 early national military science the tactics of armies was established upon the new principles of science.  . ”68 Duane introduced into the American lexicon terms and concepts that were to have great import on nineteenth-century warfare. They were not the writings of Jomini but of the German theorist Heinrich Dietrich von Bülow, who in 1799 defined a geometrical concept of military strategy in his Geist des neuern Kriegssystem, including concepts that were to have significant impact on the American understanding of strategy.

23 This limited military knowledge was combined with diverse experiences in mercantile capitalism to provide a basic degree of expertise in procuring and distributing supplies through contracted storekeepers, conductors, artificers, and laborers. However, the staff departments were organized and worked according to the talents of the men who led them, and problems of decentralization and lack of standardization plagued the ordnance, supply, and transportation efforts of the army until war’s end.

Jonathan Williams, nephew 35 early national military science and personal secretary of Benjamin Franklin, a civilian scientist Jefferson commissioned in 1802 and appointed as the first superintendent of the military academy and chief of the new corps of engineers. S. Military Philosophical Society, enrolling all cadets and officers stationed there as permanent members. ”55 In the main, the topics covered in societal papers dealt with fortifications, naval and weapons technology, and surveying science.

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