By Jennifer Robertson
This ebook is an unparalleled choice of 29 unique essays by means of a few of the world’s so much individual students of Japan. Covers a huge variety of matters, together with the colonial roots of anthropology within the eastern academy; eugenics and country development; majority and minority cultures; genders and sexualities; and type and meals cultures Resists stale and deceptive stereotypes, by way of proposing new views on jap tradition and society Makes jap society available to readers surprising with the rustic
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Extra info for A Companion to the Anthropology of Japan (Blackwell Companions to Anthropology)
The formation of anthropology and ethnology in Japan was a process which coincided with efforts to build a strong nation-state, and the discipline was intertwined with such state apparatuses as the system of universal education, imported from Europe in the late 19th century. The acquisition of overseas colonies brought with it the responsibility of administering indigenous peoples and, consequently, anthropologists provided colonial administrators with information that facilitated the pacification and control of the diverse peoples within the growing empire.
Comprising the sixth unit are essays that critically review scholarly and everyday practices with respect to religion, science, and biotechnology. The four authors P U T TI N G AN D K E E P I N G J A PA N I N A N T H R O P O L O G Y 13 perceptively investigate the tremendous variety of religious practices in Japan and importance of scholarship on Japanese religions as a corrective to Euro-American derived theories (Ian Reader); the most salient issues today in folk religion research, including terminology and gender ideologies (Noriko Kawahashi); the structure of scientific research through the optic of gender (Sumiko Otsubo); and the process through which social ethics and values of moral worth are shaped by, and shape, new biomedical technologies (Margaret Lock).
18 The subjects explored in the second unit critically examine the processes of history- and culturemaking along with identity formation, majority and minority alike. Essays address the relationship between Japanese imperialism and colonialism and the development of anthropology in Japan (Katsumi Nakao); archaeology, ideology and the management of cultural properties (Walter Edwards); the ubiquity, in feminist and other texts, of timelines as a mode of history-making (Tomomi Yamaguchi); the construction and reproduction of majority culture (Roger Goodman); the formation and transformations of ‘‘insider’’ and ‘‘outsider’’ minorities (Joshua Hotaka Roth and Sonia Ryang); vicissitudes of class and status (Glenda Roberts); myths and realities of corporate culture (Tomoko Hamada); the sartorial fashioning of cultural identity (Ofra Goldstein-Gidoni); and the influence of nexuses of sex, gender, and sexualities on both Japan anthropology and Japanese national identity (Sabine Fru¨hstu¨ck).