A Cognitive Theory of Cultural Meaning by Claudia Strauss

By Claudia Strauss

"Culture" and "meaning" are primary to anthropology, yet anthropologists don't agree on what they're. Claudia Strauss and Naomi Quinn suggest a brand new concept of cultural that means, one who supplies precedence to the way in which people's stories are internalized. Drawing on "connectionist" or "neural community" versions in addition to different mental theories, they argue that cultural meanings usually are not mounted or restricted to static teams, yet neither are they continuously revised or contested. Their strategy is illustrated by means of unique learn on understandings of marriage and concepts of good fortune within the usa.

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Strikes in the Netherlands and Milan end violently (1903, 1904). Russo-Japanese War (1904– 1905). Peasant revolts, anti-Jewish pogroms, and riots after Russia’s military defeat by Japan force the tsar to institute liberal reforms (1902–1905). France ends the official status of the Catholic Church (1904). Revolution of 1905 in Russia. France establishes voluntary unemployment insurance (1905). Finland grants women’s suffrage (1906). Young Turk revolt in Turkey (1908). Sigmund Freud and others found Vienna Psycho-Analytical Society (1908).

Trevelyan, English Social History (1944). Marc Bloch shot by Germans (1944). Sixie`me Section of E´cole des Hautes E´tudes founded in Paris (1945). Annales d’histoire e´conomique et sociale changes name to Annales: E´conomies, Socie´te´s, Civilisations (1946). British Communist Party Historians’ Group founded (1946). Fernand Braudel, La Me´diterrane´e et le monde me´diterrane´en a` l’e´poque de Philippe II (1949). Maurice Dobb, Studies in the Development of Capitalism (1946). 1950s European Coal and Steel Community is established by Germany, Italy, France, and Benelux (1951) as a limited trade union; it grows in terms of commodities covered and participating nations until it becomes the European Union.

The economy experiences a long expansion though unemployment rates remain stubbornly high. European nations participate in international conflicts including wars in the former Yugoslavia. Biotechnology promises to extend human life spans and the quality of life. Europeans demonstrate against genetically altered foods. EuroDisney amusement park opens near Paris (1992). Mad-cow disease ravages British herds (1995– 1998). European Union adopts common currency (euro) and abolishes customs barriers (1999).

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